Suriname

Surinamecountry located on the northern coast of South America. Suriname is one of the smallest countries in South America, yet its population is one of the most ethnically diverse in the region. Its economy is dependent on its extensive supply of natural resources, most notably bauxiteof which it is one of the top producers in the world.

The southern four-fifths of the country is almost entirely covered with pristine tropical rainforest. Formerly known as Dutch Guiana, Suriname was a plantation colony of the Netherlands that gained its independence on November 25, From to the country was governed by a succession of military regimes. A new civilian constitution was approved in Another military coup took place inbut the country returned to civilian rule the following year.

Damaru - Suriname

Suriname is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, by French Guiana to the east, by Brazil to the south, and by Guyana to the west. Suriname is involved in territorial disputes with both Guyana and French Guiana that are legacies of colonial rule.

The dispute with Guyana centres on the New River Triangle, a 6,square-mile 15,square-km area between two tributaries of the Courantyne River in southern Guyana. In addition to claiming the New River Triangle, Suriname also contests its border with Guyana along the Courantyne: Suriname claims sovereignty over the entire river and thus views its west bank as the border, while Guyana claims that the thalweg, or deepest channel of the river, is the boundary.

In a United Nations international tribunal settled another long-standing boundary dispute between the two countries, in which Suriname was awarded one-third of a disputed area of the Caribbean Sea. The area in contention with French Guiana is the 5,square-mile 13,square-km region between the Itany and Marouini rivers in the southwestern corner of French Guiana.

The narrow coastal zone, some miles km long, consists of sandbanks and mudbanks deposited by the southern equatorial currents from the area surrounding the mouth of the Amazon River located to the east of Suriname, in Brazil. South of the mudbanks begins the New Coastal Plain, also formed from sand and clay from the mouth of the Amazon. The region, covering some 6, square miles 17, square kmconsists of swampland. The soil of the swamps is clay, in which a great deal of peat has formed. The region is traversed by sandy ridges that run parallel to the coast.

It consists largely of fine clays and sands and contains a variety of topographiesincluding old ridges, clay flats, and swamps.

South of the Old Coastal Plain is the Zanderij formationa mile- km- wide landscape of rolling hills. This formation rests on bleached sand sediments, which are rich in quartz. Most of the region is covered by tropical rainforest, but swamps and areas of savanna grassland are also found. Farther to the south, bordering Brazil, is an area consisting largely of a central mountain range, its various branches, and scattered hilly areas; a vast tropical rainforest covers these highlands.

The highest summit, at 4, feet 1, metresis Juliana Top, in the Wilhelmina Mountains. In the southwest near the Brazilian border is the Sipaliwini Plain, another savanna area. They include the Courantynewhich forms part of the boundary with Guyana; the Coppename; the Suriname ; and the Maroniwhich forms part of the border with French Guiana. Suriname has a tropical climate. The populated area in the north has four seasons: a minor rainy season from early December to early February, a minor dry season from early February to late April, a major rainy season from late April to mid-August, and a major dry season from mid-August to early December.

In the interior, diurnal temperature extremes can vary by as much as about 20 degrees. However, the range in average temperatures between the warmest month, September, and the coldest, January, is only about 3 degrees. Rainfall is highest in the central and southeastern parts of the country. Annual rainfall averages about 75 inches 1, mm in the west and 95 inches 2, mm in Paramaribo.

The flora of the coastal area is better known than that of the interior. It consists of some 4, species of ferns and seed plants and a large number of mosses, weeds, and mildews. The baboen Virola surinamensiswhich grows in the coastal area, is used to make plywood.View Alerts and Messages Archive.

suriname

The U. Demonstrations occur from time to time, primarily in the capital. Avoid areas of demonstrations and exercise caution in the vicinity of any large gathering.

Principal concerns include burglary, armed robbery, and home invasions. Victims of Crime: Report crimes to the local police by dialing Some operators may not speak English. The office hours are Monday through Friday, a. Domestic Violence: U. First responders are generally unable to access areas outside of major cities and to provide urgent medical treatment.

See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws.

If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U. Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.

suriname

Embassy in Suriname immediately. Credit Cards: Credit cards are not widely accepted outside the major hotels and upscale restaurants. While several banks accept U. ATM cards, the use of debit and credit cards is discouraged because of identity theft concerns. Keep your debit or credit card in your sight at all times while it is being processed. Consider using prepaid credit cards with limited funds when traveling.Explore Suriname.

Vacation Rentals. Things to Do. Travel Forums. Rental Cars. Vacation Packages. Add a Place. See all photos. South America. Suriname Suriname. Start planning for Suriname. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. Create a Trip. Paramaribo, Suriname. Commewijne District, Suriname. Domburg, Suriname. Essential Suriname. Go Play. Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences.

Fort Zeelandia. Saint Peter and Paul Cathedral. Commewijne River. Brownsberg Nature Park. Neveh Shalom Jewish Synagogue. Centrale Markt. Het Koto Museum. Waterkant Riverside Boulevard. Go Rest. A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true. Kabalebo Nature Resort.Suriname is a pluralistic society consisting primarily of Creoles persons of mixed African and European heritagethe descendants of escaped African slaves known as Maroons, and the descendants of Indian and Javanese Indonesian contract workers.

The country overall is in full, post-industrial demographic transition, with a low fertility rate, a moderate mortality rate, and a rising life expectancy. However, the Maroon population of the rural interior lags behind because of lower educational attainment and contraceptive use, higher malnutrition, and significantly less access to electricity, potable water, sanitation, infrastructure, and health care. Somepeople of Surinamese descent live in the Netherlands, Suriname's former colonial ruler.

In the 19th century, better-educated, largely Dutch-speaking Surinamese began emigrating to the Netherlands. World War II interrupted the outflow, but it resumed after the war when Dutch labor demands grew - emigrants included all segments of the Creole population. Suriname still is strongly influenced by the Netherlands because most Surinamese have relatives living there and it is the largest supplier of development aid. Other emigration destinations include French Guiana and the United States.

Suriname's immigration rules are flexible, and the country is easy to enter illegally because rainforests obscure its borders. Since the mids, Brazilians have settled in Suriname's capital, Paramaribo, or eastern Suriname, where they mine gold. This immigration is likely to slowly re-orient Suriname toward its Latin American roots. This makes the economy highly vulnerable to mineral price volatility.

The worldwide drop in international commodity prices and the cessation of alumina mining in Suriname significantly reduced government revenue and national income during the past few years. In Novembera major US aluminum company discontinued its mining activities in Suriname after 99 years of operation. Public sector revenues fell, together with exports, international reserves, employment, and private sector investment. Depreciation of the Surinamese dollar and increases in tariffs on electricity caused domestic prices in Suriname to rise Suriname's economic prospects for the medium-term will depend on its commitment to responsible monetary and fiscal policies and on the introduction of structural reforms to liberalize markets and promote competition.

The government's over-reliance on revenue from the extractive sector colors Suriname's economic outlook. Following two years of recession, the Fitch Credit Bureau reported a positive growth of 1.

Purchasing power has fallen rapidly due to the devalued local currency. The government has announced its intention to pass legislation to introduce a new value-added tax in We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate.

However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us.It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south.

At just undersquare kilometers 64, square milesit is the smallest sovereign state in South America. Situated slightly north of the EquatorSuriname is a tropical country dominated by rain forests. Its extensive tree cover is vital to the country's efforts to mitigate climate change and reach carbon neutrality.

A developing country with a high level of human developmentSuriname's economy is heavily dependent on its abundant natural resources, namely bauxite, gold, petroleum and agricultural products. Suriname was inhabited as early as the fourth millennium BC by various indigenous peoples, including the Arawaks, Caribs, and Wayana. Europeans arrived in the 16th century, with the Dutch establishing control over much of the country's current territory by the late 17th century. During the Dutch colonial periodSuriname was a lucrative source of sugarits plantation economy driven by African slave labor and, after abolition of slavery inindentured servants from Asia.

InSuriname became one of the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

Things to Do in Suriname - Suriname Attractions

On 25 NovemberSuriname left the Kingdom to become an independent state, nonetheless maintaining close economic, diplomatic, and cultural ties to its former colonizer. Suriname is the only sovereign nation outside Europe where Dutch is the official and prevailing language of government, business, media, and education.

As a legacy of centuries of colonialism, the people of Suriname are among the most diverse in the world, spanning a multitude of ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups. The name Suriname may derive from an indigenous people called Surinen, who inhabited the area at the time of European contact. British settlers, who founded the first European colony at Marshall's Creek [18] along the Suriname Riverspelled the name as "Surinam".

suriname

When the territory was taken over by the Dutch, it became part of a group of colonies known as Dutch Guiana. The official spelling of the country's English name was changed from "Surinam" to "Suriname" in Januarybut "Surinam" can still be found in English; a notable example is Suriname's national airline, Surinam Airways.

Indigenous settlement of Suriname dates back to 3, BC. The largest tribes were the Arawaka nomadic coastal tribe that lived from hunting and fishing.

suriname

They were the first inhabitants in the area. The Carib also settled in the area and conquered the Arawak by using their superior sailing ships. Beginning in the 16th century, FrenchSpanish and English explorers visited the area.Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.

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Good for Big Groups. Free Entry. Good for a Rainy Day. Good for Kids. Good for Couples. Hidden Gems. Honeymoon spot. Good for Adrenaline Seekers. Explore Suriname See all. Paramaribo City Tour. City tour. City Tour.Population est. Capital and largest city est. Current government officials. Languages: Dutch officialEnglish widely spokenSranang Tongo Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among othersCaribbean Hindustani a dialect of HindiJavanese.

Religions: Hindu Real growth rate: 4. Inflation: 4. Arable land: 0. Agriculture: rice, bananas, palm kernels, coconuts, plantains, peanuts; beef, chickens; shrimp; forest products. Industries: bauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing. Natural resources: timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore.

Major trading partners: Norway, U. Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 83, ; mobile cellular: Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 13, shortwave 1 Radios: Television broadcast stations: 2 plus seven repeaters Televisions: 63, Internet users: Transportation: Railways: total: km single track Highways: total: 4, km; paved: 1, km; unpaved: 3, km Waterways: 1, km; most important means of transport; oceangoing vessels with drafts ranging up to 7 m can navigate many of the principal waterways Ports and harbors: Paramaribo, Wageningen.

Airports: 55


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